Moringa is a small tropical tree which grows approximately 8 meters. Moringa has tuberous roots. In ancient Sanskrit it is mentioned as medicinal plant. The origin of Moringa is in India mainly northern side, it has spread rapidly through many of the tropics and it creates the intention to cultivate.
Moringa tree are now being consider for potential medicinal as well as industrial uses because of their unusual chemical compounds variety. Moringa leaves are rich in nutritious. This plant has tremendous potential for greater use for the humans.
Every part of Moringa tree like fruit, pods, flower, leaves, roots and seed has some healing property. So Moringa tree is considered as most useful trees, and it is an edible one.
Moringa tree parts are used for dye, animal feed, rope fiber, domestic cleansers, fertilizer, medicine, perfume, water clarification, and as an agent for tanning hides.
Moringa Seed can be eaten like peas. The Moringa seed can be roasted like nuts and consumed as raw. It contains high levels of vitamin C, Medium level of vitamins B, Medium amount dietary minerals.
The seed is used to extract oil. After oil extraction the remaining seed cake are used as a fertilizer. The seed cake also used as a flocculent to purify water. Moringa oil is used as raw material in the cosmetic industry. It also has potential for use as a bio – fuel.
The leaf powder which crushed from dried leaves is used in soups and sauces. The leaves are used like spinach.
The most valued and widely used part of moringa tree is pods. The pods containing
Amino acids, protein source, vitamins, minerals, co-enzymes, antioxidants.
Moringa tree widely grows in Africa, South and Central America, India, Sri lanka, Mexico, Philippines and Malaysia.
In India the largest production is 1.3 million tones this production is from the area of 380 km². Among the states in India, Andhra Pradesh is largest production of Moringa, the very next place is Karnataka followed by Tamil Nadu. And the other states in India occupy an area of 46.13 km² for Moringa production.
In Thailand and India Moringa is sold in local market and it is commonly grown in their home garden and as living backyard. Moringa Leaves are mostly used to prepare soup in Philippines, this creates the intention to grow Moringa tree. Moringa is cultivated in Taiwan’s World Vegetable Center.